You may not like to hear that you have cavities. Cavities are painful not only when they exist but also when they are treated. However, you can have a sigh of relief if your dentist tells you that you have incipient caries. Until a few years ago, the treatment of cavities at initial stages involved drilling and filling. Now, the incipient caries can be treated with the help of non-invasive and painless treatment methods.
The Incipient Lesion
Due to frequent exposure of tooth enamel against bacterial acids, the enamel can erode. This erosion leads to creation of incipient lesions, also known as caries. These lesions tend to occur in the areas where plaque is allowed to accumulate. Tooth area around the gum line and the pits and fissures on the chewing surface are the areas which are naturally more prone to develop incipient lesions. Moreover, the areas around tooth filling are also more prone to accumulate plaque which can cause cavities. Incipient lesions can either turn into caries which can expose dentin or they can get covered through re-mineralization.
Managing incipient caries
According to ADA, dental caries at initial stages can be treated and revered back with the help of a process called re-mineralization. Organization suggests that non-invasive and non-surgical methods are not only cost effective but they can also preserve the tooth structure to the fullest.
Another thing you have to take into consideration here is that dental caries can be treated and reversed as long as they are not converted into cavities. In this scenario, you can get benefit through topical fluoride and sealant application.
A few options you can consider for reversing dental caries are as under.
- The first and foremost thing you will have to take into consideration when it comes to preventing and treating dental caries is the fluoride. Fluoride combines with calcium phosphate in order to strengthen the tooth enamel. Typically, you can get your supply of fluoride through fluoride gels and toothpastes that contain fluoride.
- Another option to prevent caries from turning into cavities is the application of sealants. Sealants are usually applied on the chewing surfaces of molars and back teeth because there are pits and fissures present in those surfaces. These pits and fissures cannot be cleaned with the help of brushing.
- Another option you can consider for prevention of cavities is associated with your dietary choices. Dairy products are well-known for being beneficial for bones. Dairy products help in strengthening of teeth in two ways. First, the teeth are exposed directly against a stream of calcium. Then, these products release adequate amount of calcium into the bloodstream. This calcium is provided to the teeth through nerves and vessels.
- Another very important thing to be taken into consideration is the saliva. Saliva washes away food debris and bacteria that can contribute in the formation of plaque. Moreover, saliva contains calcium, phosphorus and fluoride. These are the very elements which can help in strengthening of your teeth.